International Bureau of Education
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Content Section

Principles of instruction (Educational Practices 21)

This booklet is about the most effective methods of teaching and presents ten research-based principles of instruction. These principles come from three sources:
(a) research on how the brain acquires and uses new information;
(b) research on the classroom practices of those teachers whose students show the highest gains; and
(c) findings from studies related to students’ learning strategies.

Each of these three sources has suggestions for classroom practice. An interesting finding is that there is no conflict at all between the instructional suggestions that come from each of these three sources.

Even though this booklet is based on research carried out primarily in economically advanced countries, it focuses on aspects of language learning and instruction that are universal. Therefore, the suggested practices are likely to be generally applicable throughout the world.