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Content Section

Teaching (Educational Practices 1)

This booklet is a synthesis of principles of effective teaching that have emerged from research in classrooms. It addresses generic aspects of curriculum, instruction and assessment, as well as classroom organization and management practices that support effective instruction. It focuses on learning outcomes but with recognition of the need for a supportive classroom climate and positive student attitudes towards schooling, teachers and classmates.

Much of the research support for these principles comes from studies of relationships between classroom processes (measured through observation systems) and student outcomes (most notably, gains in standardized achievement tests). However, some principles are rooted in the logic of instructional design (e.g. the need for alignment among a curriculum’s goals, content, instructional methods and assessment measures). In addition, attention was paid to emergent theories of teaching and learning (e.g. socio-cultural, social constructivist) and to the standards statements circulated by organizations representing the major school subjects.

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