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Training Tools for Curriculum Development. A Resource Pack
Core Modules


  1. Rationales for promoting a change

  2. Actors and context for change

  3. Design of consultation processes

  4. Advocacy before educational authorities

  5. Hints for planning a consultation process

  6. Sensitive issues


This module is about policy dialogue –the process of formulating curriculum-related public policies by engaging and consulting with stakeholders. It is these policies which set the parameters for the work of curriculum developers. The module offers opportunities for curriculum professionals to develop their understanding of this process by exploring:

  • National issues that commonly prompt and shape changes in the curriculum and the education system;
  • The various participants or stakeholders involved in education reform and curriculum change and their respective roles and interests in policy formulation;
  • Potential problems and areas of conflict that may arise from formulation and implementation of changes in the curriculum;
  • Ways of managing / dealing with conflict and resistance and mobilizing popular support for ongoing or proposed change in the curriculum;
  • Examples of sensitive or challenging curriculum policy issues in particular socio-political and cultural contexts.

The six activities in this module seek to guide curriculum professionals through the stages of curriculum policy formulation:

  1. Rationales for promoting a change. Why does curriculum change occur.
  2. Actors and context for change. Conducting “contextual scans” of the educational system and wider environment.
  3. Design of consultation processes. How to identify legitimate stakeholders in the curriculum and how to engage them in policy dialogue and consultations.
  4. Advocacy before educational authorities. The way curriculum specialists can have productive conversations with government decision-makers to achieve support and leadership in the process of curriculum change.
  5. Hints for planning a consultation process. With a view to generating as much consensus as possible among stakeholders and popular support for the substance and direction of the curriculum policies.
  6. Sensitive issues. How countries in various parts of the world have dealt with some politically and or culturally sensitive curriculum policy issues to preserve and promote national goals and interests.

Following these six activities there is a “Resources” section which contains the discussion papers and other resources referred to in the activities, plus a list of additional readings.

Analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats, Collaboration, Conflict, Contextual Scan, Consultation, Decision-making, Decentralization, Language Policy, Multicultural Issues, Policy Dialogue, Policy Formulation, Policy Implementation, Rationales for Change, Resistance, Social Cohesion, Stakeholders, Values.