This module is about
policy dialogue –the process of formulating curriculum-related
public policies by engaging and consulting with stakeholders. It
is these policies which set the parameters for the work of curriculum
developers. The module offers opportunities for curriculum professionals
to develop their understanding of this process by exploring:
- National issues that commonly prompt and shape changes in the
curriculum and the education system;
- The various participants or stakeholders involved in education
reform and curriculum change and their respective roles and interests
in policy formulation;
- Potential problems and areas of conflict that may arise from
formulation and implementation of changes in the curriculum;
- Ways of managing / dealing with conflict and resistance and
mobilizing popular support for ongoing or proposed change in the
- Examples of sensitive or challenging curriculum policy issues
in particular socio-political and cultural contexts.
The six activities in this module seek to guide curriculum professionals
through the stages of curriculum policy formulation:
- Rationales for promoting a change. Why does
curriculum change occur.
- Actors and context for change. Conducting
“contextual scans” of the educational system and wider
- Design of consultation processes. How to identify legitimate
stakeholders in the curriculum and how to engage them in policy
dialogue and consultations.
- Advocacy before educational authorities.
The way curriculum specialists can have productive conversations
with government decision-makers to achieve support and leadership
in the process of curriculum change.
- Hints for planning a consultation process. With a view
to generating as much consensus as possible among stakeholders
and popular support for the substance and direction of the curriculum
- Sensitive issues. How countries in various
parts of the world have dealt with some politically and or culturally
sensitive curriculum policy issues to preserve and promote national
goals and interests.
Following these six activities there is a “Resources”
section which contains the discussion papers and other resources
referred to in the activities, plus a list of additional readings.
Analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats, Collaboration,
Conflict, Contextual Scan, Consultation, Decision-making, Decentralization,
Language Policy, Multicultural Issues, Policy Dialogue, Policy Formulation,
Policy Implementation, Rationales for Change, Resistance, Social
Cohesion, Stakeholders, Values.