enhancement of educational quality and relevance is the most common
driver of curriculum change. Increased access to education can be
achieved through sound education management, but access good quality
education relies to a large extent on good quality curriculum. Curriculum
change often arises, therefore, from a realization that what has
been taught in the past will not prepare young people for successful
lives in the future, and that the quality and relevance of curriculum
must be improved.
Change is also often driven by the need or desire
of nation-states to affirm cultural identity or heritage and to
pursue their own socio-political and economic goals and aspirations.
In different countries a range of rationales are employed to guide
and chart the course of educational reform and curriculum change.
Among the more common rationales given for curriculum
- Promotion of humanistic, moral, ethical, value-oriented education;
- Development of healthy, responsible and skilled citizens;
- Preservation of local tradition, appreciating and respecting
cultural diversity in an era of globalization;
- Maintaining social stability, national identity and cohesion;
- Social, civic and economic reconstruction following regime
changes, wars or conflict;
- Ensuring economic growth and improving the living standards
of the population;
- Reducing socio-economic inequalities and addressing social
- Enhancing international competitiveness and global integration.
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